How Apollo 11′s 1.024MHz guidance computer did a lot with very little

 

early 44 years ago computer hardware was in an entirely different place than it is now. The levels of performance don’t even fit on the same scale. The anniversary of the Apollo 11moon landing is upon us, and those brave space pioneers got by without a 3GHz multi-core CPU. The guidance computer used on the Apollo 11 mission ran at only 1.024 MHz.

The moon landing was the height of technological achievement at the time, and some of the rocket technology is still relevant today. That computer, though, has been left in the dust. In fact, it was well and truly obsolete a few years after the landing.

The Intel 8086 came about roughly ten years after the Apollo landing, marking the beginning of x86. Apollo 11’s computer had 4 registers — essentially slots for holding numeric values. The 8086 boosted that to eight 16-bit registers.

The IBM PC XT ran the next version of that chip, the famous 8088. This computer ran at 4.077MHz, which sounds incredibly slow by today’s standards, but is still four times faster than the Apollo 11computer. The XT also packed in eight times the memory used on Apollo 11.

The Apollo 11 guidance computer actually had some impressive software features for a system that didn’t even run a graphical interface. It could multitask up to 8 different operations, but it didn’t work the way we think of multitasking. Today’s operations use preemptive multitasking that allows the OS to distribute computing resources as needed. On Apollo 11, programs were in charge and had to give control back to the OS periodically. A kind of virtual machine was used to allow developers to mix hardware-level instructions with virtual machine commands within the same assembler code.

Inputting commands required translating the English words into “verb noun pairs,” which could be input as numbers. There was a handy sign in the cabin as a reminder. To top it all off, none of the computer’s systems were software upgradeable. All the code was stored in read-only memory. Several years after Apollo 11, Apollo 14 was forced to manually input the code to patch a system malfunction — it took 90 minutes just to type it in.

Maybe your computer is a little sluggish, and your smartphone is a couple years old, but you have it better than those astronauts

Smartphone Advan Vandroid S5

Unggulkan Big Screen

The success of one of the Korean manufacturer to sell millions of smartphone unit have made a great sailing inspired many other manufacturers. However, to be sold at more competitive prices, various gadgets “rival” comes with fewer features. This is carried by Vandroid S5 from Advan.

u4-435-S5 AdvanAdvan Vandroid by PCplus quite on par with ZA987 OneScribe of Zyrex that appeared almost simultaneously. ˝ 5.3 capacitive screen with a resolution of 480 × 800 pixels here look quite a contrast and not inferior to similar products from leading brands. Advan S5 Vandroid called as “Smart Note” which is interpreted as a smart gadget with a variety of features that support mobile activities. This seems to be a campaign to educate consumers.

Smartphone MediaTek MT6575 is powered by a 1GHz processor (ARM v7) plus 512MB of main memory is actually not very special and still like most other large screen smartphones. Booting the system fairly quickly became hallmarks Vandroid Advan S5.

Here also 4GB of internal memory available. Unfortunately, only 2.2 GB of available capacity that can be used. It was only by the system / application alias can not be accessed directly by the user. As a result, users must add a microSD card (up to 32GB) as a storage media to store data.

The process of exploration in the menu Vandroid Advan S5 with Android 4 systems is quite smooth because of the PowerVR SGX531 GPU to handle graphics side. Advan smartphone also includes six important sensor that is not provided other competitors. With all those fittings plus dual SIM support, he can be had for less than Rp. 2 million. This makes it an attractive alternative products in the ranks of the many large screen smartphones on the market today.

Maybe not as perfect Advan S5 Vandroid similar smartphones from popular brands. When held casing feels slippery. However, to simply live day-to-day activities of this product is sufficient. At more competitive prices, even compared to other local brands, this smartphone is certainly attractive alternative option for on a budget.

Cool, Indonesian People Make “Printer” 3D

Starting from his love for the graphic design world, John Djauhari now assembling machines printer (printer) 3D. By leveraging open source technology, 3D printers that can print documents assembled Johanes digital into three-dimensional objects.

John worked as a product designer. Some clients who want to make a product sometimes is not satisfied if only to see the design in the form of digital documents. They want physical shape despite the small size.

“Well, from there, why do not I make a 3D printer itself,” he said when met at the show Popcon KompasTekno Asia 2013 in Jakarta Convention Center, beginning last July.

John also likes the toys (toys). Many colleagues who designed character toys and wanted to realize his ideas into tangible form. Some of them use the services of John for 3D printing.

Starting from his love for the graphic design world, John Djauhari now assembling machines printer (printer) 3D. By leveraging open source technology, 3D printers that can print documents assembled Johanes digital into three-dimensional objects.

John worked as a product designer. Some clients who want to make a product sometimes is not satisfied if only to see the design in the form of digital documents. They want physical shape despite the small size.

“Well, from there, why do not I make a 3D printer itself,” he said when met at the show Popcon KompasTekno Asia 2013 in Jakarta Convention Center, beginning last July.

John also likes the toys (toys). Many colleagues who designed character toys and wanted to realize his ideas into tangible form. Some of them use the services of John for 3D printing.

Keseriusan Johanes merakit printer 3D dimulai pada 2011. Ia mendirikan Bikin Bikin 3D Print dan aktif ikut pameran untuk memperkenalkan teknologi ini. Kala itu, desain luar printer buatannya masih berupa kerangka. Setelah melewati beberapa kali pengembangan, kini printer 3D-nya semakin akurat dan didesain menggunakan casing. “Akurasinya sampai 0,2 mm,” tutur Johanes.

Akurasi itu dibuktikan dengan mencetak replika arca yang penuh detail dan lekukan. Johanes terlebih dahulu memindai seluruh bagian arca asli yang tersimpan di Museum Nasional. Setelah mendapat filepindainya, mulailah Johanes mendesain 3D lalu mencetak dengan printer buatannya sendiri.

Memanfaatkan “open source

Dalam mengembangkan printer 3D, Johanes memanfaatkan teknologi open source untuk driver dansoftware. Ia ikut dalam forum internet yang khusus membahas teknologi printer 3D.

“Di forum ini, kita bisa tahu kalau ada algoritma yang lebih baik dan memberi struktur lebih mudah. Bukan cuma soal teknis, dari sana juga kita tahu soal materi yang mudah dicari dan lebih terjangkau,” jelasnya.

Untuk mendesain bentuk 3D, Johanes menggunakan software Pronter Face dan Repetier. Komputer yang dipakainya terhubung ke motherboard printer melalui kabel USB. Motherboard inilah yang memerintahkan gerakan koordinat X, Y, dan Z, menerjemahkan dokumen digital menjadi obyek nyata 3D.

Printer 3D yang dibuat Johanes masuk dalam tahap pengembangan akhir. Ia membuka pre-orderdengan harga Rp 10 juta. Setelah masa pre-order berakhir pada September 2013, printer 3D bakal dibanderol Rp 12 juta.

Almost Maximum Bandwidth, APJII Install Router Brocade

Internet users in Indonesia continues to increase. As of the end of 2012, Indonesia, which has a population of 237.5 million people has 63 million Internet users.

When compared to the condition two years ago, seen a significant surge in Internet traffic in IIX (Indonesia Internet eXchange). March 2013, the average traffic reached 10 Gigabit per second, or 4x the condition in 2010.

“As a result, our routing infrastructure that already exists is approaching maximum capacity, while Internet traffic growth shows no signs of slowing down,” said Private Harijanto (Chairman IIX).

“The main problem is about 60 percent of Indonesia’s population using mobile phones, but are accessing the Internet from the handset is still fairly small,” said Harijanto. “Obviously, this trend will change quickly. 3G infrastructure development nationwide 4G/LTE technology is almost completed and will be implemented next year. ”

Anticipating the explosion of bandwidth requirements up to 10x in the next five years, the Association of Indonesian Internet Service Providers (APJII) is now using the series routers Brocade MLXe-16 is able to support 100 Gigabit Ethernet (GbE) as the main component IIX. IIX two main router was installed at different locations to ensure high availability. With the substantial spare capacity in the 16-slot chassis, APJII has ample scope to install modules with a capacity of four-port 40 GbE and two-port module with a capacity of 100 GbE in the future.

APJII also plans to apply the technology Brocade Multi-Chassis Trunking (MCT). This technology will connect the two routers on top to create a single tool that is able to generalize the traffic load on network-network service provider that has a lot of connections to the center of the Indonesian Internet Exchange.

APJII currently has 278 members, including telecommunications companies, Internet service providers and content providers. Some 161 of which have been connected to the IIX via IPv4, while 51 of them also use IPv6 connection.

Boost HP Products with Intel Core 4th Generation

JAKARTA – Not to be outdone in the battle gadgets in the year 2013, Hewlett Packard (HP) introduced a series of new products by collaborating with Intel as a supplier of processors. The product line consists of a convertible tablet, the PC Desktop and all in one ones (AIOS), as well as commercial notebook like the HP Elitebook Revolve 850, HP Probook 440, Probook 430, 800 Elitedesk G1, EliteOne 800 G1, G1 and ProDesk 800 HP ProOne 600 G1.

Managing Director of HP Indonesia, Subin Joseph said that these products have been designed specifically for job flexibility. According to him, the range of products it can provide maximum efficiency in terms of creativity, access and enjoy content.

Joseph added all of the line, either desktop or notebook has led HP into higher stages. “Everything we present the latest design and tough. Has automatic sensors to turn off the hard drive in as it fell, so safe,” he said at the launch of HP’s new products at the Intercontinental Hotel Jakarta, Wednesday (24/7).

HP’s latest product line is equipped with a processor Intel Core 4th generation. “Best performance, security and responsive performance so we present one in the device and is suitable for all computing lifestyle,” explains Head of MNC Sales Intel Indonesia, Yohan Wijaya.

Yohan further explained, the latest-generation Intel Core PC coupled with a stunning performance with mobility like a tablet. “Its performance is 15 percent better than its predecessor. Latest processor can spoil the user ranging from the battery life to a remarkable breakthrough in terms of graphics,” Yohan lid.

ASRock Z87 Pro3 Motherboard BIOS Update superior to Newest Version 2.10

In order to improve the guide string UEFI on existing multi-lingual features, ASRock has just released the latest version of the BIOS 2:10 to Z87 Pro3 motherboard superior.

The release of the latest version of the BIOS itself consists of 3 files that show 3 different methods of renewal, which is a Windows-based file, a DOS compatible package, and one upgrade BIOS using Instant Flash.

If you update the BIOS with Windows method is preferred, run the exe file on the new platform of the existing windows, and then after everything is finished restart the computer. By restarting the computer BIOS must be updated automatically so that with so make sure you do not interfere with the existing process. And after the next reboot, make sure that you have loaded the BIOS to default settings.

Slightly different to update BIOS with Windows method, the DOS BIOS update methods, first of all you are required to boot through disk containing the bootable BIOS package. But if you do not have a bootable DOS disk, be sure to make your own bootable disk containing the BIOS package there. Once you have done through the boot process and appear disk drive DOS prompt “[drive]: \>” on the screen, type the name of the executable file in question and follow all instructions on the screen to upgrade your lead on the restart the computer and the BIOS will be updated after that.

While the procedure Instant Flash, you can upgrade the BIOS using a flash upgrade file that contains a copy of which can be downloaded via the official website of the vendor. By pressing the F2 key when booting, and select the Instant Flash utility under the Tools menu. Compatible version of the show, you are allowed to choose one of them.

Apart from the three methods offered BIOS update, basically manufacturers do not recommend that you update your version of the BIOS for the system to work properly and will not be responsible for damage caused by errors in the existing BIOS update procedure. Therefore, make sure you know exactly everything first before doing the procedure updates the BIOS to the latest version.

Acer launches new Iconia A1-810

Acer Sales and Services Sdn Bhd (Acer) has recently launched a brand new 7.9 inch tablet that is supposed to be a cheaper alternative to its contenders Note 3 and Mini.

At half the price of an iPad, Acer Iconia comes with a Quad-Core CPU, HDMI output and the latest version of Android 4.2.2.

The design of the tablet is a traditional one noted Ting Meng Hung, regional manager for Acer and noted that it was quite thick compared to other tablets yet it is very light.

As for the hook-up there is a micro SD card slot, HDMI output and both a front and a rear webcam. The rear webcam is five megapixels (MP )and can record videos of up at 30 frames per second.

The tablet has a 7.9’ multi-touch five point widescreen that is intuitive and launches the apps instantly.

“An interesting characteristic similar to other tablets is that if the corner of the touch screen is kept pressed with your finger the rest of the screen reacts to other commands like scroll, launch or zoom,” Ting noted.

The tablet is equipped with a -Core CPU and one gigabyte (GB) RAM, ensuring the smooth rendering of high-quality apps and complex games.

The internal memory ranges starts from 8GB and can be extended via SD card up to 32GB.

For the operating system, it comes together with the latest 4.2.2. that run optimally with the component, Ting highlighted.

For this minimal price we have here a Tablet equipped with HDMI hook-up, Bluetooth and GPS and a Quad-Core CPU as well as a webcam that records Full-HD videos.

“At the moment we are only offering the wifi model and depending on the demand we may bring in the 3G version of the tablet as well,” Ting explained.

The Iconia is priced at RM599 and for more information please call Acer’s office at 082-456700 or visit them at Green Heights Commercial Centre, Lorong Lapangan Terbang 2, 93250, Kuching.

 

Lenovo ThinkPad X240S, Touch Screen 12.5 Inch Notebook With Intel Haswell CPU

The presence of the latest models of ThinkPad X240s will certainly strengthen the product line Lenovo ThinkPad Series notebooks on the market today. Along with that, a variety of retail product manuals and documents related to the latest models of Lenovo ThinkPad Series has also started popping up lately.

Lenovo ThinkPad X240S is provided by features 12.5-inch touch screen that supports a resolution of 1366 × 768 pixels. While on the power on for system support in it, Windows 8 x64-based laptop also has provided support for the option of Intel Core i7-4500U or Intel Core i5-4200U with collaboration 4GB of RAM and a 7200RPM hard drive capacity of 320GB.

With a water-resistant keyboard and a roll-cage design firm, this latest notebook also offers several business-friendly features that include SIM Card slot, the TrackPoint in the middle of the keyboard, and chasing that can be dismantled and reassembled for the purpose of adding additional components.

And even complete support for existing features, laptop-sized (305.5 × 206.5 × 19.7) mm and weighs 1.36 kg also has 720p webcam, 802.11a/b/g/n WiFi, Bluetooth 4.0, USB 3.0, Ethernet, D-Sub, mini DisplayPort, SDXC card reader, and a 6 Cell Lithium Polymer battery that can provide power for up to 6 hours of operation lasting duration.

Although the new soon to be released sometime in August 2013 that will come, but the Lenovo ThinkPad X240S is reportedly ready to sell for 6,498 HKD or equivalent 8.35 million per unit.

Video ad AMD Graphics Card Criticize Nvidia

Not only the mobile gadget manufacturers who likes sarcastic competitors through advertising, this trend also extends to the world of PC components. One example is a video advertisement for AMD graphics card product called “AMD Radeon Graphics Presents: The Fixer”.

It is said, a gamer complaining because the graphics card “brand X” is not capable of running the game his liking. Then comes the one who suggested the players that switch using AMD graphics cards. Here’s The Fixer, a figure in the story that will “fix” the problem gamers.

The Fixer suggestion was inserted various promotional messages. For example, there is mention of a given game bundle through series AMD Radeon graphics card is used on the Xbox console and the PlayStation 4 One. There are also allusions to the gait of the graphics card manufacturer AMD competitor in the mobile world.

Ad ends with a scene of two men walked into the yard. Belonged to the old graphics card gamer-that design is similar to one graphics card Nvidia GeForce-looked is held by The Fixer and slammed to the ground and destroyed with cruel.

Poor graphics card manufacturer’s logo is obfuscated in the video. Are still clearly visible is the color, the light green is synonymous with Nvidia GeForce.

Looks a little scared by the brutal actions that occurred in front of him, the players shouted, “You need to calm down!” are answered by The Fixer, “I never compromise (settle)”. The word “settle” here does have two meanings, namely “calm” and “compromise”. Meanwhile, “Never Settle” is the name of the game promo bundle on AMD graphics cards.

He might look a bit stiff and childish, this ad still worth a look with a cool head. Consumers in the end it will benefit from the competition between industry players.

HP Series 600 G1 ProOne Simplify Daily Fulfillment

JAKARTA – HP Series ProOne ProDesk 600 600 G1 and G1 show business for AiO devices and desktop PCs with the latest design and latest selection of 4th generation Intel Core processor at an affordable price.
Each device allows the user to easily meet daily business needs with a choice of Windows 8, Windows 7, HP Device Support Assistant, HP Client Security applications and strong to protect the data, device and identity.
Increased productivity with HP ePrint for quick and easy wireless printing, as well as DTS Sound for rich audio sound.
ProOne HP AiO 600 G1 is the enterprise-class has a space-saving design with powerful PC performance and secure.
HP ProDesk G1 600 series offers the most popular form factor with the availability of a stable cycle of up to 30 months and to meet everyday business needs with performance and reliability.
Multitasking helped with the choice of storage solutions solid-state drive that makes files and applications together quickly.